IN SURGERY

Recommendations for surgery

It is common to have many questions before undergoing any procedure, especially when it comes to surgery, we like to always be aware and close to you, so we have generated some recommendations and tips for you to keep in mind and feel safe at the time of surgery or operation.

BEFORE SURGERY

ONE WEEK BEFORE SURGERY

  • Remember to tell the anesthesiologist about any illness or allergy you suffer from, as well as the medications you use. (Ask him/her about taking your medications on the day of your surgery).
  • Refrain from smoking two weeks prior to the procedure and from consuming alcoholic beverages 72 hours prior to the procedure.
  • Prepare your family by explaining the procedure and the care and support you require from them.
  • Contact a person to accompany you in the days following the surgery.
  • Coordinate and delegate the activities that you will not be able to attend: bringing and taking children, preparing food, work issues, pending payments, etc.
  • Depending on the type of surgery you may need orthopedic devices (crutches, sling, etc.), ask your doctor which ones you need and remember to buy them to take them with you on the day of surgery.

THE DAY OF SURGERY

  • At home, bathe very well, using antibacterial soap twice, and do not apply any cream to the area of the body where the surgery will be performed.
  • Do not wear contact lenses.
  • Do not bring valuables.
  • Do not use makeup or nail polish.
  • Choose very comfortable clothes that you can put on and take off easily. If the surgery is ambulatory, remember that you are going to dress freshly operated; wear clothes that can be buttoned in the front and elastic pants at the waist, or a wide gown.
  • If you take any daily medical treatment, remember the indications given by the anesthesiologist.
  • Remember that you must be at the clinic fasting for at least 8 hours.
  • Bring with you the results of laboratory tests, x-rays and any tests that have a bearing on the procedure to be performed.
  • Bring your orthopedic supplies with you.
  • Report to the Clinic at the time indicated by the institution.
  • Remember to read and sign the informed consent form for your surgery.

AFTER SURGERY

THE DAY OF SURGERY

  • It is important that a family member or acquaintance accompanies you for the return home.
  • You should start feeding with clear liquids that do not contain gas (aromatic, juices, jellies).
  • Avoid acidic beverages, milk and dairy products.
  • If you can tolerate liquids, you can switch to bland foods that are not spicy and are not high in fat.
  • If you tolerate soft feeding, you can restart normal feeding.
  • When you are in the recovery stage and due to inactivity, you may have constipation problems, in that case you can consume foods rich in fiber.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

  • It is important that a family member or acquaintance accompanies you, especially during the trip home, as it is recommended that you do not do it on your own.
  • Your companion should claim the orders given by the physician, disability, be with you for the change of clothes and help you for the transfers.
  • After surgery, you can get up to go to the bathroom or to essential activities but you must do it slowly and in stages: first sit for a few minutes, then stand without moving for one or two minutes and finally move slowly (if you have crutches remember that the support depends on your doctor’s orders).

GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Remember not to wet the bandages or gauze covering the wounds.
  • Hold up the limb where the surgery was performed.
  • Limit your visits.
  • Do not smoke or drink alcohol, as this slows healing.

TO REMEMBER

  • You should consult an emergency room if you present:
    • Continuous and abundant bleeding from wounds.
    • Severe pain that does not improve with medication.
    • Fever.
    • Difficulty breathing.
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