In the surgery

Recomendaciones para una cirugía

It is common that you have questions before performing any procedure, especially when it is about surgeries, we like to be always pending and close to you, that is why we have generated some recommendations and tips to keep you in mind and feel safe at the time of surgery or operation.

Before surgery

One week before surgery


  • Remember that in the appointment with the anesthesiologist you must say any illness or allergy that you suffer, just as the medicaments that you use. (Ask him about how to take your medicaments at the day of the surgery).
  • Abstain of smoking two weeks before the procedure and consuming alcoholic beverages 72 hours before the procedure.
  • Prepare your family by explaining to them the procedure and the cares and support that you require from them.
  • Contact to a person to accompany you in the following days after the surgery.
  • Coordinate and delegate activities that you will not be able to attend: bringing and bringing kids, preparing food, work issues, pending payments, etc.
  • Depending on the type of surgery you might need orthopedic implements (crutches, sling, etc.) Consult the doctor which one you require and remember to buy them in order to take them the day of the surgery.

The day of the surgery


  • At home clean yourself very well, using twice antibacterial soap, and do not apply any cream in the area of the body where the surgery will be.
  • Do not wear contact lenses.
  • Do not bring valuable objects.
  • Do not use either make up or nail polish.
  • Chose very comfortable clothes that you can easily place and remove. If the surgery is ambulatory, remember that you are going to dress freshly operated; wear button-down garments and elastic trousers at the waist, or a wide gown as well.
  • If you daily take any medical treatment, remember the indications given by the anesthesiologist.
  • Remember that you must be at the clinic in complete fasting for at least 8 hours.
  • Bring with you the results of the laboratory analysis, the X-rays and any test that have to do with the procedure to be performed.
  • Bring with you the orthopedic implements
  • Present at the Clinic at the time indicated by the institution.
  • Remember to read and sign the informed consent sheet of your surgery.

After the surgery

At the day of the surgery


  • It is important that a family member or an acquaintance accompanies you, for returning home.
  • You must initiate the feeding with clear liquids that do not contain gas (aromatic, juices, and jelly).
  • Avoid acid drinks, milk or derivatives.
  • If you tolerate liquids, you can switch to soft, non-spicy foods that are not high in fat.
  • If you tolerate the soft feeding, you can restart the normal feeding.
  • When you are in the recovery stage and due to inactivity, it is possible that you may have problems with constipation, in which case you can consume foods rich in fiber.

Physical activity


  • It is important that a family member or an acquaintance accompanies you, especially during the trip to home, since it is advisable not to do it on your own.
  • Your companion must demand the orders given by the doctor, inability, be with you for the change of clothes and help you for the transfers.
  • After the surgery remain laid down in bed, you can stand up to go to the bathroom or to make indispensable activities, but you must make them slowly and by stages: first sit down for some minutes, then stand without moving for one or two minutes and finally move slowly (if you have crutches remember that the support depends on the order of your doctor).

General Recommendations


  • Remember not to wet the bandages or gauzes that cover the wounds.
  • Keep high the extremity where the surgery was performed.
  • Limit your visits.
  • Do not either smoke or consume alcohol, as it slows the cicatrization.

To remember


  • You must consult to urgencies if you present:
    • Continuous and abundant bleeding from the wounds.
    • Intense pain that do not improve with medications
    • Fever.
    • Difficulty to breath.
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